Vietnam is the eastern most country on the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia. With an estimated population of 92 million people, it is Asian’s 8th most populous country and the 13th most populous country in the world. Its capital city is Hanoi and its leading business city is Ho Chi Minh City in the south of the country. Since 2000, Vietnam's economic growth rate has been among the highest in the world and achieved economic growth of 6.7% in 2015.
Vietnam - 2019 Holidays & Observances
In their daily lives, Vietnamese people follow the Western calendar, or solar calendar. Thus, they also import some of Western holidays, including the Western New Year Eve (January 1). In Vietnam, since Ho Chi Minh City is influenced by various cultures, activities for welcoming the New Year is mostly concentrated in this city.
Tet Holiday, or Lunar New Year is the most important celebration of Vietnam. Like Western New Year Eve, the meaning of Tet is ending old year and welcome new year. Tet starts on the first day of the first lunar month (according to the lunar calendar).
Situated in Ha Noi, Huong Pagoda Complex is considered as the centers of Buddhism in Vietnam. The complex consists of several Buddhist pagodas and temples on Huong Tich lime-stone mountain Huong Pagoda Festival is held annually and the it’s official days is from 15th to the end of the second lunar month.
The Hùng Kings' Temple Festival is held each year from the 8th to the 11th days of the third lunar month in honour of the Hùng Kings and their role in shaping the nation.
Liberation Day, or Reunification Day is a public holiday that marks the occasion North Vietnamese troops captured Sai Gon (Ho Chi Minh City in present days) on April 30, 1975. This event signalled the end of Vietnam War and start the period of reunification.
Ho Chi Minh, also known as Uncle Ho was a great revolutionary leader, who led Vietnamese people in liberating Vietnam. He also had the key figure in the foundation of Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945. In order to memorize Uncle Ho’s contribute, the Vietnam Government decided to make his birthday a national public holiday.
Phat Dan is a traditional Buddhist holiday which commemorates the birth, enlighten and death of Buddha. This holy day is annually celebrated in the 15th day of April lunar calendar. In Vietnam, many festivals are held around this day. Celebrating Phat Dan means making special efforts to bring happiness to everyone and look back ourselves.
September 2, 1945 was a major date of Vietnam. It was an establishment day of Democratic Republic of Vietnam. On this date, President Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of Independence at Ba Dinh Square, officialy claiming the independence and sovereignty of Vietnam from France.
Mid-Autumn Festival takes place in on the 15th of the lunar August, when the Moon is bigger and brighter than any time of the year. Therefore, it is also called the Full Moon Festival. Its another name, Children Festival shows that it is the most exciting annual festival for children.
With the expansion of Western culture, Christmas is imported into Vietnam. Christmas in Vietnam is a huge event, especially in Ho Chi Minh City and Ha Noi. On this date, the street is crowd as Vietnamese people like to go out with friends. Roads and many shopping malls are well-decorated for people taking photos